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高中英語編輯
(外研版)2020-2021學年高中Module6OldandNewReadingandVocabulary課時作業必修3(英語 解析版)
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The Great Wall of China, one of the greatest  wonders of the world, was listed by the UNESCO in  1987 as a World Heritage Site.Just like a gigantic  dragon, the Great Wall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands and mountains, stretching about 21,196 kilometres from the east to the west of China.With a history of more than 2,000 yearssome parts of the Great Wall are now in ruins or even entirely disappeared.However, it  is  still  one  of  the  most appealing attractions around the world.

No one can tell for sure when the building of the Great Wall was startedbut it is popularly believed that it originated as a military fortification (防御工事)against intrusion(侵入) by tribes on the borders during the earlier Zhou Dynasty.Later in the Spring and Autumn Period, some states extended the defence work to prevent the attacks from other states.

It was not until the Qin Dynasty that the separate walls were connected to form a defensive system by Emperor Qinshihuang.The First Emperor of Qin unified the country in 221 BC, and in 214 BC he ordered the construction of the wall.It took about ten years to finish and the wall stretched from Gansu Province to Liaoning Province.The wall not only served as a defence in the north but also symbolized the power of the emperor.

Further  construction  also  experienced  several dynasties.The present Great Wall in Beijing is mainly remains from the Ming Dynasty.Today, the Great Wall has become a must­see for every visitor to China.Few can help saying “Wow” when they stand on the top of a beacon tower and look at this giant dragon.It has become a national pride of Chinese people.

1The underlined word “appealing” probably means “________”

Ahuge  Battractive     Cordinary      Dmoving

答案:B

解析:詞義猜測題。根據生活常識可知,風景名勝應該是很有吸引力的,由此可推測appealingattractive意思相同。

2In the Qin Dynasty________.

Athe construction of the Great Wall was finished in 204 BC

Bthe emperor wanted to invade other minor states

Cthe defensive system of the Great Wall was separated

Dthe Great Wall began its way from Liaoning Province

答案:A

解析:細節理解題。根據文章第三段可知,在秦朝,修筑長城歷時大約10年,開始于公元前214年,建成的時間應該是公元前204年。秦始皇修筑長城主要是為了抵御外來侵略和顯示國威,故B項錯誤;在秦朝,幾段長城被連了起來,故C項錯誤;長城開始于甘肅而不是遼寧,故D項錯誤。

3According to the passagethe Great Wall ________.

Ahas a history of 2,000 years 

Bis as long as 21,196 miles

Cwas built in several dynasties 

Dwas built in the Qin Dynasty

答案:C

解析:細節理解題。根據上下文可知在中國歷史上,好幾個朝代都修筑過長城,故C項正確;長城應該是擁有2,000多年的歷史,故A項錯誤;長城橫跨21,196千米,而不是21,196英里,故B項錯誤;長城始建于周,而不是秦朝,故D項錯誤。

4The best title for the passage probably is ________.

AHistory of the Great Wall 

BCulture of the Great Wall

CConstruction of the Great Wall 

DProjection of the Great Wall

答案:A

解析:標題判斷題。本文主要講的是長城的歷史,故最合適的標題應該是A項。

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