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高中英語編輯
(外研版)2020-2021學年高中Module5GreatPeopleandGreatInventionsofAncientChinaReadingandVocabulary課時作業必修3(英語 解析版)
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資源簡介

 Ⅰ.閱讀理解

The Chinese were the real inventor of printing.Centuries ago they carved messages on the stone and then sprinkled() sooty(炭黑色的) dust over the stone carving.When they put a small piece of paper over the stone and  rubbed  the  paper, the  sooty  lines  were reproduced on it.Some of these first printed papers have been preserved.The oldest ones known to exist are more than one thousand years old.

Printing with carved stone blocks was the only kind of printing known for centuries.Then, about eight hundred years ago, a Chinese printer, Bi Sheng, had a clever idea.Instead of carving a whole message on a single big block of wood or stone, he formed separate Chinese words or characters out of bits of clay(黏土)By fitting the clay pieces together in rows in a box, he could print just as before.But when he finishedhe could keep all the separate pieces of clay and use them again.

Bi Sheng's movable type was a great step forwardbut his method was not generally adopted.The movable type did not come into use in Europe until it was invented there centuries later.The Europeans had been totally ignorant (不知道的) of the printing traditions of the Chinese.

1The oldest pieces of printed paper in existence date back ________.

A800 years                            Bmore than 1,000 years

Cmore than 2,000 years                D500 years

答案:B

解析:細節理解題。由第一段最后一句話可知答案。

2Bi Sheng used clay to form ________.

Alarge tablets for writing           

Bsmall statues

Cindividual words or characters 

Dmessages

答案:C

解析:細節理解題。  由第二段第三句“Instead of carving a whole message on a single big  block of wood or stonehe formed separate Chinese words or characters out of bits of clay(黏土)可知答案。

3These pieces of clay were ________.

Aeasily lost                          Bless used

Creusable                             Dthrown away after use

答案:C

解析:細節理解題。由第二段最后一句話可知答案。

4Europeans adopted printing after they ________.

Arealised the stone carving was not good enough

Bhad learned about it from the Chinese

Chad copied Chinese printing

Dhad invented it themselves

答案:D

解析:推理判斷題。由最后一段第二、三句話可推知答案。

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